The Philippine Guerilla Movement and Counterpropaganda During World War II


This essay describes the forms of counterpropaganda of the guerilla movement during the Japanese Occupation particularly in the guerilla newspapers which were an integral part of the underground resistance movement. Combining historical research and content analysis of three guerrilla newspapers in the Visayas where the resistance was the strongest — the Leyte Samar Free Philippines, The Coordinator and Ang Tigbatas — the study analyzes how the guerilla newspapers kept the Filipino people informed about war developments and boosted their morale. With their emphasis on news, the guerilla newspapers, despite their lack of polish and limited resources, effectively met the needs of the Filipinos and countered the massive Japanese propaganda machinery.